I stumbled across this awesome little gem of a song when I was looking through Bessie Jones's book "Step It Down" a year or so ago. The kiddos love the song but also go crazy for the accompanying dance. I really like this song because I get a chance to talk with students about "call and response" songs and have an easy activity to introduce some improvisation. There are tons of opportunities for variation and expansion with this song!
While it's not officially a Thanksgiving song (it really is just a song about turkeys), "Shoo Turkey" definitely fits in with the fall season. You'll find out later on that you can absolutely make it a Thanksgiving song if you improvise and substitute in some Thanksgiving words into the verses.
Shoo Turkey - Learning the Music
I sing a phrase and they sing back "Yes sir." I sing something else and they sing back, "yes, sir." It's easy for them to get the quick little "Yes sir" (or for a woman, "Yes, ma'am") response learned. In fact, a lot of my kiddos already know how to do this "Yes, ma'am" response because they've sung something just like it with the song "John the Rabbit." We try out a few examples and I sing the first few lines of the song with them, letting them respond back at the appropriate times.
Then I teach them the first part of the chorus. We learn the "Shoo Turkey" words pretty quickly as I teach them by rote with echo singing. I add in a little shoo action with my hands and I pretend to shoo little turkeys away. I don't get TOO into this action yet, just a gentle little shooing to give the kids something to mimic. I don't always teach them the second part of the chorus, the "buy me another turkey" right away. Instead I might cycle back and go through the verse and the first part of the chorus again to get some repetition. Then I might add that second part of the chorus (see the image/music for more).
Shoo Turkey! dancing all over the room!
On the chorus, Bessie Jones says that the children turn and "dance through the yard, shooing the turkeys by waving their hands first to one side and then the other." Students turn on each "shoo" and wave to the right and the left as they move through the yard to the beat of the song. Kids LOVE pretending that there are turkeys all around them that they have to shoo away. With some classes I'll stop and ask why we might be shooing away turkeys around this time of year and they look around at my decorations and say "because Thanksgiving is coming and the turkeys might get eaten!" Super fun for kids and easy to learn the actions. It's great if they can "shoo" to the beat, but it's not imperative.
In the original version by Bessie Jones the kids stand in a long line (instead of scattered) and "snake-dance" through the room in a winding line. Kids follow one another in that line and shoo turkeys away to the beat. This didn't work for me. Kids ran into one another and I had more arguments than singing. So, we switched from a line to a scattered formation and the problem was mostly solved. On the verse kids stop moving and turn to the leader to sing a call and response and on the chorus they move around in their scattered formation and shoo turkeys away.
When I added this squat and chug/jump in a line formation the kids kept running into one another. Some of those collisions might have been intentional, but I suspect that asking them to do this complicated squat/jump/chug in a small space like the music room was just too difficult to do in close proximity to another person. Heck, it would be hard for me to control! So, we went from a line to scattered and had a much easier time.
"And then we..." Options for Improvisation
Once we've gone through it all at least once, I'll begin to change things up. For instance, on the verses I'll start to improvise lines that didn't appear before. Instead of just singing the given lines that are in the original song I'll ask kids other questions. "Did you go to the library? Yes, sir. Did you check out a book? Yes, sir. Did you pay your fines? Yes, sir. Did you say "thank you?" Yes, sir" and so on.
If I really want to have fun I'll say things that are even more "off script" because I know the students are going to respond with "Yes, sir." For instance, "Did you go downtown? Yes, sir. Did you buy some groceries? Yes, sir. Did you get candy corn? Yes, sir. Did you bring me mine? Yes, sir. Will you get me more? Yes, sir. Can I also eat your snack? Yes, sir. Is it in your locker? Yes, sir. Can I go get it now? Yes, sir. And that's fine with you? Yes, sir." Usually at that point some kids are starting to figure out the joke and responding with "NO SIR!" This can go on forever. You can easily slip in some more Thanksgiving vocabulary in here to tie this more directly to the holiday season if you want.
We do that for a while and in between new improvised verses we'll dance around and sing the "Shoo Turkey" chorus. We do this several times back and forth and I'll give a variety of examples of questions that I could ask. Eventually we stop and talk about how I was adding new words that were improvised. We discuss how I came up with new words and the kids think about other things to ask and talk about in the song. Then I offer the chance to be "the leader" to kids in the class. They come up and get to sing a question to the class and the class responds with "Yes sir" or "Yes miss" depending on the kid. I might jump on the piano or recorder to provide some melodic support. I don't teach the melody for the leader's question, but after hearing it over and over most kids have it in their head without me taking the time to teach it. I give several different students the chance to sing the part of the leader and in between each kid we'll sing the "Shoo Turkey" chorus again.
We might also take a second to talk about the two different sections of the song with the verse and chorus. We talk through about how their actions are different, their singing is different, the roles of the students are different, etc. We easily categorize the verses as the "A" section and the chorus as the "B" section. If I'm teaching this to a grade where we're putting an emphasis on form I might point out the different parts are verse and chorus because the verse words can change and the chorus words always stay the same.
If you liked the visuals and resources you saw in the above blog post then check out this Favorite Folk Song Set for the song Shoo Turkey. I have it available to download as a PowerPoint presentation and also as JPEG files. Included in the set are a lot more pages of historical context, vocabulary, background for the song, visuals, and aids for teaching. You can use the PowerPoint for visuals and explanation as you teach or you can post the images out in the hallway as a bulletin board that reinforces the content you teach in class (or you can do both)!