Charlie Parker was a jazz musician, acclaimed saxophone soloist, and leading figure in the development of bebop. You might recognize him from your college Music History/Music Listening courses. His virtuosic solos were often referenced to demonstrate his style of playing really complex melodic lines and combining jazz with other musical forms like blues, Latin, or even classical. Parker was highly influential in the jazz world and played with so many musical giants of his age. His friendship with them and the connections he made helped to influence his musical career and open avenues for exploration. A specifically important relationship was the one he had with Dizzie Gillespie. They became good friends and when Parker died, the funeral arrangements were payed for by Gillespie. Not only was he a great musician, but he was an icon for the hipster and later Beat generation because he was an artist and an intellectual, not just an entertainer.
Charlie Parker gives me a way to talk with my students about hope, perseverance, and hard work. Kansas City was a home for jazz in the early part of the 1900s and Parker used his time here as a springboard to great things. Certainly there are hardships and things that I can't really relate about the life of a jazzer with young ears (Parker battled substance abuse and had some relationship problems), but just talking about his fame and influence on the development of a genre is a big deal. Talking about his humble beginnings and the amazing things that he did despite those circumstances is also important. I want my kids to walk out of my room believing not only that they are empowered, smart, and loved, but I also want them walking out thinking that music is transformative and can change their lives if they keep learning and working at it. Charlie Parker was a great example of that and is a figure that they can look to and take encouragement from.
Content Connections - In and out of the Music Room
First of all, the students interest is piqued when they walk in the door and see a saxophone suspended in mid air next to a picture of Parker (see above). We sit down and talk about his birthday, his legacy, his influence on bebop, and his skill at playing the instrument. Once I've laid out how important of a figure he was in the development of modern music I tell them that best part. "And we're not just celebrating because he was such an amazing and important musician and his birthday is today. We're celebrating because he came from OUR CITY! He was from Kansas City, Kansas. Not Kansas City, Missouri. Not Olathe. Not Bonner Springs. He was from Kansas City, Kansas!" And their little eyes light up! I then go on and talk about how he started in KCK and moved on to New York and other places around the country. At this point in the spiel I even had a first grader who said that her mom works near a house with a sign out front that said "Home of Charlie Parker," and she had always wondered what it meant. We chat about it, we sometimes listen to music clips, and then I answer questions (and there are usually a lot!). I also take this moment to talk with my third graders about the saxophone and we figure out which instrument family it belongs to and why, something that syncs up perfectly with our current content.
I had several teachers come and borrow the book and it was exciting to see the connections that their kids made. This was an especially exciting opportunity because this year we've all been encouraged to see how Social Studies standards connect with our content (and isn't this a PERFECT connection?). Big themes from SS include "Then and Now," "Communities," "Kansas and US regions" and several more. A composer from our region who helped develop a musical genre should be able to fit right in and make a connection with this place the development of a community over time. Classroom teachers took advantage of this connection and I was especially excited about the success stories that our Speech Language teacher told me about what happened in her room. Students were listening to be bop, reading the book, and using Parker and be bop as writing prompts and connection points in their own personal writing. How cool!
The resources I used:
"Charlie Parker Played Be Bop" by Christopher Rashka
Parker and Gillespie playing "Hot House"
Sara Bibee's Composer of the Month Pack - Charlie Parker
Charlie Parker's Bio courtesy of PBS
Making Music Fun - Charlie Parker BIO
Composer/Musician of the Month Calendar FREEBIE from Plank Road Publishing
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